Russia: Volga Automobile, Part 2 Technical!

I was drinking my morning cup of coffee & remembered that I said I would be writing Part 2 of 3 parts about the Volga Automobile! Part one is here…. Part 1 was about the history of the Volga! and below is part two. Just a bunch of technical about a really misunderstood and great car…

I have driven a Volga for 13 years now. We have owned two of them and I can tell you honestly that a Volga car is a very nice automobile…

Today Part 2 is about the technical side of the Volga…


1946 GAZ-M20
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Manufacturer: GAZ
Also called Pobeda
Production: 1946-1958
Assembly: Gorky, Soviet Union
Successor GAZ-21 (Volga)
Class Large family car
Body style(s): 4-door sedan
4-door cabriolet
Layout: FR layout

Engine:
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Straight-4 sidevalve 2120 cc 50 hp (37 kW)

Chassis:
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Wheelbase: 2,700 mm (106.3 in)[1]
Length: 4,665 mm (183.7 in)[1]
Width: 1,695 mm (66.7 in)[1]
Height: 1,590 mm (62.6 in)[1]
Curb weight: 1350 kg (2976 lb)[1]

Extra:
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Fuel capacity: 55 L (15 US gal/12 imp gal)[1]
Related: FSO Warszawa
GAZ-M72 (4WD, model with Pobeda body)


1960 GAZ Volga M-21
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Type: 4/5S SAL
Number of doors: 4

*Dimensions:
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Wheelbase: 2700 mm 106.29 in
Track front: 1410 mm 55.51 in
Track rear: 1422 mm 55.98 in
Length: 4826 mm 190.00 in
Width: 1803 mm 70.98 in
Ground clearance: 191 mm 7.51 in
curb weight: 1422 kg 3134.96 lb

*Engine:
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Type: 4-S
OHV
2 valves per cylinder
Main bearings: 5
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 92.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1
Displacement: 2445 cc 149.20 cu in
Compression: 7.5
Aspiration: Normal
Catalytic Converter: N
Max. output: 81.1 PS (80 bph) (59.6 kW) @ 4000 rpm
Max. torque: 176 Nm (129.8 lbft) (17.9 kgm) @ rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Engine alignment: Longitudinal
Steering: worm & roller
Turning circle: 12.5
Suspension front: I.CS.W.
Suspension rear: LA.SE.
Brakes: Dr/Dr
Transmission: 3A
Drive: R
Top gear ratio: 1
Final drive ratio: 3.78


1970 GAZ Volga 24
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Type: 4/5S SAL
Number of doors: 4

*Dimensions:
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Wheelbase: 2800 mm 110.23 in
Track front: 1470 mm 57.87 in
Track rear: 1420 mm 55.90 in
Length: 4735 mm 186.41 in
Width: 1800 mm 70.86 in
Ground clearance: 180 mm 7.08 in
curb weight: 1300 kg 2866.00 lb
Fuel capacity: 55 l 14.52 US gal

*Engine:
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Type: 4-S
OHV
2 valves per cylinder
Main bearings: 5
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 92.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1
Displacement: 2445 cc 149.20 cu in
Compression: 8.2
Fuel system: 1 K-126 G carb
Aspiration: Normal
Catalytic Converter: N
Max. output: 111.5 PS (110 bph) (82 kW) @ 4500 rpm
Max. torque: 187 Nm (137.9 lbft) (19 kgm) @ 2400 rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Performance:
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Top speed: 145km

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Engine alignment: Longitudinal
Steering: worm & roller
Turns lock-to-lock: 3.5
Turning circle: 12.4
Suspension front: I.W.CS.ARB.
Suspension rear: LA.SE.
Brakes: Dr/Dr-S
Braked area: 1130
Transmission: 4M
Drive: R
Top gear ratio: 1
Final drive ratio: 4.1


GAZ Volga 3110:
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*Engine:
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Code: ZMZ-4062.10
Type: 4-S
Wet sumped
DOHC
4 valves per cylinder
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 86.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1.06
Displacement: 2287 cc 139.56 cu in
Compression: 9.3
Aspiration: Normal
Max. output: 130.7 PS (129 bph) (96.1 kW) @ 5200 rpm
Max. torque: 188 Nm (138.6 lbft) (19.1 kgm) @ 4000 rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Performance:
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0-100km/h: 14.5 s
Top speed: 160
Fuel consumption: 10.0/12.5/14.5 l/100km 90km/h /

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Engine alignment: Longitudinal
Suspension front: I.CS.ARB.
Suspension rear: LA.LS.
Wheels F/R: 7J x 15 / 7J x 15
Tires front: 195/65 R 15
Tires rear: 195/65 R 15
Brakes: VeDi/Dr-S
Transmission: 5M
Drive: R



1999 GAZ Volga 3111
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*Body:
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Type: 4/5S SAL
Number of doors: 4

*Dimensions:
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Wheelbase: 2820 mm 111.02 in
Track front: 1540 mm 60.62 in
Track rear: 1526 mm 60.07 in
Length: 4897 mm 192.79 in
Width: 1840 mm 72.44 in
Ground clearance: 160 mm 6.29 in
curb weight: 1550 kg 3417.16 lb
Fuel capacity: 70 l 18.49 US gal

*Engine:
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Type: 4-S
DOHC
4 valves per cylinder
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 86.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1.06
Displacement: 2287 cc 139.56 cu in
Compression: 9.3
Aspiration: Normal
Catalytic Converter: Y
Max. output: 147 PS (145 bph) (108.1 kW) @ 5200 rpm
Max. torque: 201 Nm (148.2 lbft) (20.4 kgm) @ 4000 rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Performance:
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0-100km/h: 13.5 s
Top speed: 175km

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Steering: rack & pinion
Suspension front: I.CS.ARB.
Suspension rear: LA.LS.ARB.
Wheels F/R: 6.5J x 15 / 6.5J x 15
Tires front: 205/65 R15
Tires rear: 205/65 R 15
Brakes: VeDi/Dr-S-ABS
Transmission: 5M
Drive: R


**THE CAR:**

http://www.volga.nl/autoEN.htm

The Volga got the difficult task to be highly modern in a decade that the Russian infrastructure was still far behind. Only in the main cities and their surroundings could you find highways and pavement of good quality. On the countryside the roads were made of mud, gravel and or just sand. The Volga had deliver high speeds on the highways and the Volga had to be able to transverse small muddy country roads. On top of this contradiction, the Volga had to be simple to work on, because in the Soviet Union at that time there were almost no service stations. The owner had to be able to do all the maintenance himself.

Good Car!

WtR

Russia: Volga Automobile, Part 3 Classic Beauty!

Russia’s tall ships dedicated: 200th anniversary of the Bellingshausen-Lazarev expedition

Around-the-world expedition by Russia’s tall ships dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the discovery of the Antarctic by the Bellingshausen-Lazarev expedition…

The year 2020 marks the 200th anniversary of the discovery of the Antarctic by the expedition led by Fabian Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. In honour of this event, plans are now underway to organise an around-the-world expedition of the tall ships Pallada, Sedov and Krusenstern in 2019-2020.

The south polar expedition consisting of two sloops-of-war, the Vostok, commanded by Fabian Bellingshausen, and the Mirny, commanded by Mikhail Lazarev, left Kronstadt in 1819 and discovered the Antarctic on 28 January 1820. In 1821, the ships returned to Kronstadt. They stayed at sea for 751 days and covered over 92,000 km. In addition to the Antarctic, the expedition discovered 29 islands and one coral reef. The Russian sailors conducted scientific research, including oceanographic research. The signed directive endorses an around-the-world expedition of the tall ships Pallada, Sedov and Krusenstern, which belong to the Federal Agency for Fishery, in honour of the 200th anniversary of the discovery of the Antarctic by the Bellingshausen-Lazarev expedition.

The expedition is planned to start at the end of 2019 when the ships set sail from their respective ports: the Pallada from Vladivostok, the Sedov from Kronstadt and the Krusenstern from Kaliningrad. Thus, the expedition will consist of the Sedov and the Pallada sailing around the world and the Krusenstern taking a transatlantic voyage. Most of the places and ports the ships will call on were discovered by the Russians during their expeditions around the world.

Milestone events during the expedition will be the meetings of the three ships in the Atlantic Ocean on the Ushuaia (Argentina)-Cape Town (South Africa) leg, in the area of the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (the UK), where the Pallada’s itinerary will reach its nearest point to the Antarctic.The Pallada’s voyage will start in Vladivostok in November 2019 and last until June 2020. The ship’s goal is to approach the Antarctic as close as possible.

The Sedov’s voyage will start in Kronstadt in December 2019 and will be over in Kaliningrad in December 2020. This ship’s goal is to carry out a transatlantic passage to the appointed place and then sail together with the Pallada frigate, after which it will continue solo sailing. After the leg dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the discovery of the Antarctic (as far as the port of Cape Town in South Africa) the ship will start the second stage of the expedition dedicated to the 75th anniversary of victory in WWII. The Sedov will sail across the Indian and the Pacific Oceans. Reaching the Atlantic Ocean through the Panama Canal, it will continue sailing with the aim of visiting places associated with the most important events of WWII.The Krusenstern’s voyage will start in Kaliningrad in December 2019 and will come to an end in September 2020. The ship’s task is to carry out a transatlantic passage to the appointed meeting place and then sail together with the Pallada. It will continue alone to the Black Sea and call on the Russian ports of Sevastopol, Novorossiysk, Yalta and Sochi. After completing the first stage of the expedition and meeting with the other two tall ships near the island of South Georgia (the UK), the Krusenstern will continue its voyage dedicated to the 75th anniversary of victory in WWII, calling on the ports of hero-cities, cities of military glory and European ports with memorials to those who perished in the war against Nazism.

Photo exhibitions dedicated to commemorative dates in Russian history will be arranged aboard the tall ships during the expedition. There will also be meetings with representatives of the foreign public and Russians living abroad.A special organising committee will oversee preparing for and carrying out of the expedition.

Source: News – The Russian Government

WtR