Russia: Volga Automobile, Part 2 Technical!

Hello,

I was drinking my morning cup of coffee & remembered that I said I would be writing Part 2 of 3 parts about the Volga Automobile!

Part 1 was about the history of the Volga! Today Part 2 is about the technical side of the Volga.
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1946 GAZ-M20
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Manufacturer: GAZ
Also called Pobeda
Production: 1946-1958
Assembly: Gorky, Soviet Union
Successor GAZ-21 (Volga)
Class Large family car
Body style(s): 4-door sedan
4-door cabriolet
Layout: FR layout

Engine:
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Straight-4 sidevalve 2120 cc 50 hp (37 kW)

Chassis:
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Wheelbase: 2,700 mm (106.3 in)[1]
Length: 4,665 mm (183.7 in)[1]
Width: 1,695 mm (66.7 in)[1]
Height: 1,590 mm (62.6 in)[1]
Curb weight: 1350 kg (2976 lb)[1]

Extra:
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Fuel capacity: 55 L (15 US gal/12 imp gal)[1]
Related: FSO Warszawa
GAZ-M72 (4WD, model with Pobeda body)
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1960 GAZ Volga M-21
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Type: 4/5S SAL
Number of doors: 4

*Dimensions:
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Wheelbase: 2700 mm 106.29 in
Track front: 1410 mm 55.51 in
Track rear: 1422 mm 55.98 in
Length: 4826 mm 190.00 in
Width: 1803 mm 70.98 in
Ground clearance: 191 mm 7.51 in
curb weight: 1422 kg 3134.96 lb

*Engine:
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Type: 4-S
OHV
2 valves per cylinder
Main bearings: 5
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 92.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1
Displacement: 2445 cc 149.20 cu in
Compression: 7.5
Aspiration: Normal
Catalytic Converter: N
Max. output: 81.1 PS (80 bph) (59.6 kW) @ 4000 rpm
Max. torque: 176 Nm (129.8 lbft) (17.9 kgm) @ rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Engine alignment: Longitudinal
Steering: worm & roller
Turning circle: 12.5
Suspension front: I.CS.W.
Suspension rear: LA.SE.
Brakes: Dr/Dr
Transmission: 3A
Drive: R
Top gear ratio: 1
Final drive ratio: 3.78
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1970 GAZ Volga 24
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Type: 4/5S SAL
Number of doors: 4

*Dimensions:
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Wheelbase: 2800 mm 110.23 in
Track front: 1470 mm 57.87 in
Track rear: 1420 mm 55.90 in
Length: 4735 mm 186.41 in
Width: 1800 mm 70.86 in
Ground clearance: 180 mm 7.08 in
curb weight: 1300 kg 2866.00 lb
Fuel capacity: 55 l 14.52 US gal

*Engine:
—————————————————
Type: 4-S
OHV
2 valves per cylinder
Main bearings: 5
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 92.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1
Displacement: 2445 cc 149.20 cu in
Compression: 8.2
Fuel system: 1 K-126 G carb
Aspiration: Normal
Catalytic Converter: N
Max. output: 111.5 PS (110 bph) (82 kW) @ 4500 rpm
Max. torque: 187 Nm (137.9 lbft) (19 kgm) @ 2400 rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Performance:
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Top speed: 145km

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Engine alignment: Longitudinal
Steering: worm & roller
Turns lock-to-lock: 3.5
Turning circle: 12.4
Suspension front: I.W.CS.ARB.
Suspension rear: LA.SE.
Brakes: Dr/Dr-S
Braked area: 1130
Transmission: 4M
Drive: R
Top gear ratio: 1
Final drive ratio: 4.1
==================================

GAZ Volga 3110:
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*Engine:
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Code: ZMZ-4062.10
Type: 4-S
Wet sumped
DOHC
4 valves per cylinder
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 86.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1.06
Displacement: 2287 cc 139.56 cu in
Compression: 9.3
Aspiration: Normal
Max. output: 130.7 PS (129 bph) (96.1 kW) @ 5200 rpm
Max. torque: 188 Nm (138.6 lbft) (19.1 kgm) @ 4000 rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Performance:
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0-100km/h: 14.5 s
Top speed: 160
Fuel consumption: 10.0/12.5/14.5 l/100km 90km/h /

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Engine alignment: Longitudinal
Suspension front: I.CS.ARB.
Suspension rear: LA.LS.
Wheels F/R: 7J x 15 / 7J x 15
Tires front: 195/65 R 15
Tires rear: 195/65 R 15
Brakes: VeDi/Dr-S
Transmission: 5M
Drive: R
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1999 GAZ Volga 3111
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*Body:
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Type: 4/5S SAL
Number of doors: 4

*Dimensions:
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Wheelbase: 2820 mm 111.02 in
Track front: 1540 mm 60.62 in
Track rear: 1526 mm 60.07 in
Length: 4897 mm 192.79 in
Width: 1840 mm 72.44 in
Ground clearance: 160 mm 6.29 in
curb weight: 1550 kg 3417.16 lb
Fuel capacity: 70 l 18.49 US gal

*Engine:
————————————————
Type: 4-S
DOHC
4 valves per cylinder
Bore x stroke: 92.00 mm. × 86.00 mm.
Bore / stroke ratio: 1.06
Displacement: 2287 cc 139.56 cu in
Compression: 9.3
Aspiration: Normal
Catalytic Converter: Y
Max. output: 147 PS (145 bph) (108.1 kW) @ 5200 rpm
Max. torque: 201 Nm (148.2 lbft) (20.4 kgm) @ 4000 rpm
Coolant: Water
Specific torque: N/A

*Performance:
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0-100km/h: 13.5 s
Top speed: 175km

*Chassis:
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Engine location: Front
Steering: rack & pinion
Suspension front: I.CS.ARB.
Suspension rear: LA.LS.ARB.
Wheels F/R: 6.5J x 15 / 6.5J x 15
Tires front: 205/65 R15
Tires rear: 205/65 R 15
Brakes: VeDi/Dr-S-ABS
Transmission: 5M
Drive: R
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**THE CAR:**
http://www.volga.nl/autoEN.htm

The Volga got the difficult task to be highly modern in a decade that the Russian infrastructure was still far behind. Only in the main cities and their surroundings could you find highways and pavement of good quality. On the countryside the roads were made of mud, gravel and or just sand. The Volga had deliver high speeds on the highways and the Volga had to be able to transverse small muddy country roads. On top of this contradiction, the Volga had to be simple to work on, because in the Soviet Union at that time there were almost no service stations. The owner had to be able to do all the maintenance himself.

Good Car!
Part 3, The beauty!

Kyle & Svet
http://kylekeeton.com/2008/02/russia-volga-automobile-part-3-classic.html

comments always welcome.

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kKEETON @ Windows to Russia…

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